Romanian born, Herta Mueller author is known for her books about life under the harsh regime of the dictator Ceausescu.
Mueller, born in 1953 in the German-speaking town of Nitzkydorf in Romania; she studied German and Romanian literature at university. Her first job after university was as a translator, but she lost the job because she refused to cooperate with the secret police.
In 1982, Muellerâ€™s first book was a collection of short stories about Niederungen. The book was censored in Romania, but two years later it was smuggled out of the country and published in Germany.
In 1996, Muellerâ€™s novel The Land of The Green Plums won the German Kleist and the Irish IMPAC award. The book is about a group of friends who became targets of the secret police.
Mueller has written 19 books in German, and some have been translated into English, French and Spanish.